Neuroscience of Sleep

By Yolanda Smith, BPharm The neuroscience of sleep refers to the effect of sleep on the brain and nervous system in the body. Sleep is an essential for the human body to develop and function healthily and it is regulated by several different mechanisms and neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. This article will discuss the neuroscience of sleep in more detail, including its regulation and function in the body. What is Sleep? Sleep is a naturally recurring state that is marked by reduced or absent consciousness and sensory activity, and inactivity of most voluntary muscles. There are two main stages of sleep, known as rapid eye movement (REM) and non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM) or slow wave sleep (SWS). During REM sleep, the brain activity is similar to that…

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