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Early AccessPosted Online December 17, 2015.(doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00908) © Massachusetts Institute of Technology Michael F. Bonner1, Amy Rose Price1, Jonathan E. Peelle2, and Murray Grossman1 1University of Pennsylvania 2Washington University in St. Louis Semantic representations capture the statistics of experience and store this information in memory. A fundamental component of this memory system is knowledge of the visual environment, including knowledge of objects and their associations. Visual semantic information underlies a range of behaviors, from perceptual categorization to cognitive processes such as language and reasoning. Here we examine the neuroanatomic system that encodes visual semantics. Across three experiments, we found converging evidence indicating that knowledge of verbally mediated visual concepts relies on information encoded in a region of the ventral-medial temporal lobe centered on parahippocampal cortex. In an fMRI study, this region…

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