Animat –a closed loop system controlling a robot by biological neuronal cultures, is a novel platform allowing to investigate closed loop interactions play in shaping the nervous system, including its structure, biophysics and functionality.In living organisms equipped with a nervous system, neurons are embedded in various closed loops with interactions via body and the environment operating such closed loop at the whole organism level. They are fundamental to animal survival, as they allow for coordination of movement and responses to external stimuli and threats, yet vast majority of neuroscience, cognitive sciences and psychology do not take into account closed loop operation in their characterisation of cognitive or neural systems.The project will complete the hardware animal platform closing the loop between cultures grown on the Multiple Electrode Array. The data from…

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